the name of the manwasElimelech, and the name of his wife
Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of
Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
(The name)הָאִישׁ (of the man)אֱלִימֶלֶךְ
his two sons)׀מַחְלֹון (Mahlon)וְכִלְיֹון (and Chillion)אֶפְרָתִים(Ephrathites)מִבֵּית(from
Beth-)לֶחֶם(lehem)יְהוּדָה (Judah) וַיָּבֹאוּ (entered)שְׂדֵי־מֹואָב(the
land of Moab)וַיִּהְיוּ־שָׁם (and remained there)׃
Gill writes in His commentary of the Bible: “And the name of the man was Elimelech, [Eli = God, Melech = King].... Which signifies
"my God is King", as he was King over Israel. In the times of the
judges, the government was a theocracy; the judges were raised up immediately
by the Lord, and ruled under him;”
Notice that the word “was” in our Bibles is usually written
in italics which indicates that it is not found in the original language of
Scripture. This is because that unlike English and Greek, the Hebrew language
does not have and word for the verb “to be” of and derived words, including the
word “was” which is the past tense of “to be”.
Also of note, is that the word “was” is not found in the
Septuagint which takes on the exact sentence form as the original Hebrew.
And the name of his wife Naomi
to Clarke, the name Naomi means “Beautiful” or “Pleasant”. We will find later
in the chapter that Naomi changes her name to “Mara” which means bitter, which
is in direct contrast to her name on Naomi.
And the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion
Mahlon - Infirmity.
Chilion - Finished,
according to the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary: “Mahlon
and Chilion, are supposed to be the same as Joash and Saraph (1Ch 4:22)”.Although this is only based on the association with the
land of Moab.
Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah
is just another name for Bethlehem. Also known as Bethlehem Ephrathah.
is the Bethlehem where our Lord Jesus Christ was born. (see commentary on Ruth
And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
Moabites were related to the Israelites, as they were descendants of Lot. (see
commentary on Ruth 1:1)